How to Set Up Solitaire: 5 Different Ways
Solitaire is a game that people like to play when they have a few minutes to kill and a computer or phone. It’s one of the most popular card games for one person. But before computers were made, people played solitaire with cards, and you can still play the game the way it was meant to be played. But what if you don’t know how to set up a card game of solitaire? We want to help.
Read this manual to learn:
- How to set up the card game Solitaire
- How to play solitaire
- How many rows are needed to set up the solitaire?
- How to play other popular solitaire games
What Is the Definition of Solitaire?
Solitaire is a single-player card game (hence the name). Some people also call it “patience” or “card solitaire.” No one is sure where solitaire came from, but it became popular in France in the 1800s. It was first mentioned in writing in 1788, in a German book of game stories.
How do you play the card game solitaire? Solitaire is played with a full deck of 52 cards. The length of the game depends on how long it takes each player to make each move, but it usually takes between 5 and 15 minutes. If you play a lot of online solitaires, you might notice that playing solitaire with cards takes a little longer because you have to physically move and flip the cards instead of just clicking on a screen.
The goal of solitaire is to get all of the cards in each suit in order from low to high (hearts, spades, clubs, and diamonds). In solitaire, an ace is a low card. To win, you need four stacks (called “foundations”) that are arranged by suit and go from bottom to top in this way: Ace-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-Jack-Queen-King
A lot of the time, how you draw your cards in solitaire depends on luck, so you can’t always win. Many times, you’ll run out of moves and have to either give up or reshuffle. You might notice that it’s harder to win solitaire when you use cards instead of a computer. This is because computer-made solitaire games are often made to make it easier to win, especially on easier levels. The real chance of winning solitaire with a deck of cards that were put together at random is about 1/30.
How to Play Solitaire: The Classic Version
There are many ways to play solitaire, but this is the classic way, which is often called “Klondike.”
The “solitaire spread” is made up of three parts.
- The main part of the game is the tableau, which has seven columns with one face-up card and a different number of face-down cards below it.
- Foundations: Four places where each suit will be built up (one suit per space). Most of the time, it’s above the tableau.
- The rest of the cards go in the stockpile. Most of the time, they are stacked face down in the upper left corner of the playing area. As the game goes on, you’ll draw cards from this pile.
The foundations start out as empty spaces, so you don’t have to do anything with them. But make sure to leave space at the top of your playing area for the cards that will eventually go there.
How many rows do you make when you set up a game of solitaire? You will give the tableau seven columns. The leftmost column has one card, the column to its right has two cards, the column to its right has three cards, and so on until the last column, which has seven cards. Only the top card in each column will be face up; the rest will be face down. Cascade the cards in a column instead of stacking them on top of each other, so you can easily see how many cards are left in each column.
The rest of the cards will be put face down in the upper left corner as a stockpile. This is how it will look altogether:
Once your cards are in place, you’re ready to play solitaire! Remember that the goal is to move cards in order from the tableau to the foundations.
How do I play solitaire?
You’re ready to learn how to play solitaire with cards now that the game is set up. In solitaire, the goal is to build up each of the four foundations in the right order and by suit (ace through king). When you do that, you’ve won the game.
The cards are dealt out like this to start a game of solitaire. Then you’ll look at the face-up cards to see what you can do. Each foundation must start with an ace and only an ace, so if you have any aces showing, move them to the foundation spots.
You might be able to do other things, too. You can move cards from one tableau column to another as long as they follow these rules:
- The value of the cards in a column must go down (king, queen, jack, 10, 9, 8-7-6-5-4-3-2-ace)
- Cards must switch between being black and red.
- Only the king can be moved to an empty column in the tableau.
Basically, to move a card from one column to another, the first card must be the opposite color and one rank lower than the card it is moving to.
For instance, a red 9 can be moved to a black 10, but a red 9 can’t be moved to a red 10. You also can’t move a 10 to a 9 (of any color) because the cards must go down in value. When you can see a facedown card again because you moved a faceup card to a different column, turn that facedown card over. Unless the column is empty, there should always be at least one face-up card in each column.
Make as many moves as you can, and when you’re out of options, you’ll draw cards from the stockpile.
When you need to draw new cards from the stockpile, you’ll take three at a time. You’ll use as many of the three cards as you can, and if you have any leftovers, you’ll put them at the bottom of the stockpile and draw a new set of three cards. Keep going with this and make what moves you can. In some versions, you can only go through the stockpile once. In others, you can go through it three times or an unlimited number of times. The game will be harder if you only let yourself go through the stockpile a few times.
Either you win by putting all four foundations together, or you run out of moves.
Different ways to set up Solitaire
Solitaire has been a popular game for a long time, so there are a lot of different ways to play it. Here are directions for how to set up four of the most popular card solitaire games.
How to Start Playing Spider Solitaire
To play spider solitaire, you need two decks of 52 cards. The goal is the same as in solitaire, but because there are now two decks, there are eight foundations to fill.
When you play spider solitaire, you get ten columns of five cards each. The top card in each column is dealt face up, and the first four cards in each column are dealt face down. After the game is set up, spider solitaire follows the same rules as regular solitaire. When you can’t make any more moves, deal another row of ten face-up cards.
How to Set Up a Free Cell Phone
Another popular type of solitaire is called “free cell.” To play, you need one deck of cards. Leave space for four open foundations (like in solitaire) and four open “cells” to set it up. All of the cards are dealt face up in eight columns that cascade down, so you can see the front of every card. There will be 4 columns with 7 cards and 4 columns with 6 cards.
The goal of the game is the same as that of solitaire: to complete the four foundation stacks by moving cards around the tableau. However, in a free cell, any top card in a tableau column can be moved to one of the four “free cells” to make it easier to move cards.
How to Start Playing Joker Solitaire
The two jokers are used as wild cards in this version of solitaire. The game is set up the same way as regular solitaire, but when you find a joker, you can put it on the foundation pile just like any other card. Once you decide which card the joker stands for, you can’t change your mind. As usual, cards added to a foundation are put on top of the joker. When the card that the joker is supposed to replace shows up, it replaces the joker in the foundation. The joker is then put back in the stockpile, where it could be dealt out again. This is a good chance for people who are just starting to play solitaire or who want to improve their chances of winning.
How to Play Solitaire with Two Players
You don’t have to play solitaire by yourself all the time. This game can be played by two people at the same time. It is often called “Double Solitaire.” This version also needs two decks of cards (one for each player). So that players can tell which cards are theirs, the decks need to be different in some way. Don’t use two identical decks.
To set it up, both players face each other and set up solitaire in the usual way. The only difference is that both players will use the same foundation area, which has room for eight foundation stacks (two for each suit).
Each player follows the traditional rules for solitaire, but they can build up any of the eight foundation stacks. This means that both players’ cards can go into each foundation stack. When neither player can make any more moves, the game is over. The person who has the most cards in the eight foundation stacks is the winner.